Blein Vie Noa
I have just completed a review of what has been achieved and learned in the study during the course of the last five years.
Key headline findings from the study so far are:-
- In the period immediately after the Scandinavian occupation of the Isle of Man (800-1265AD) a quarter of the male population were of Scandinavian or North European origin.
- Unexpectedly, a number of male Manx lines with different family names were found to be related and share common male ancestors in the period before hereditary family name adoption.
- The unique Y-DNA signatures of more than 70 (out of 125) Manx family lines have been identified and knowledge about their early origins gained.
- Kelly from the Isle of Man is really so! All those familiar family names (e.g. Curphey, Bridson, Kennaugh etc) which we consider to be typical of and unique to the Isle of Man are shown to be indeed so.
- Different variants of the same original Manx family name, which are popularly assumed to be equivalent, e.g. Callister and Collister, etc are indeed the same family.
- Most Manx families show a single male genetic origin, as would be expected of such small families, but with several exceptions.
- Every one in eight men tested in the study did not show the genetic profile associated with the rest of his family.
- The names of some early Manx emigrants changed/evolved after they left the Island in the 1700-1800s.
- The close-relatedness of the Manx community genetically is a notable feature of the Isle of Man, as might be expected. Y-DNA testing indicates that a number of male lines are connected from early times. However autosomal DNA testing provides further anecdotal evidence of this characteristic amongst a small population of people with Manx ancestry.
A full copy of the report can be seen online here http://www.manxdna.co.uk/results.htm
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Threshing at Balladoole Farm.
The Isle of Man is only small in physical size (221 square miles) and its population relative to its neighbours has always been small also. Until the 19th century the majority of the population worked on the land or sea and lived in, or close to, the countryside.
Any movement of the population was largely limited to farmers seeking new farmland to rent or people marrying someone from another parish. In this rural community it was common for marriages to take place between neighbouring families and, over the centuries, many of them ended up related to each other in some way or another, within a parish or surrounds. The result of this is that the community of the Isle of Man has always been closely-knit and everyone tended to know or know of their near family relatives. Anyone researching their own Manx family history today will find that fact out quickly and see the same range of other Manx surnames marrying into their own ancestral family.
Those people living on the Isle of Man, whose families have lived there since the last 500-1000 years or so, are identified by their range of unique family names. In early times individuals were originally only known by their single or personal names. Such personal names were often nicknames or descriptive (e.g. Duggan = “little dark man”) but around 1000 years ago the Celtic patronymic system of names started to be adopted.
William ‘Alfred’ Clucas, Douglas Promenade War Memorial.
The name William Alfred Clucas (1889-1914) may not be one that immediately springs to mind in connection with the Manx history, but Alfred or ‘Alf’ as he was more commonly known, has something of an inauspicious honour (as far as my research can tell) of being the first Manxman killed during the First World War, a hundred years ago today (26th August 1914).